KATA NO JU TAIYOSO
THE TEN ELEMENTS OF KATA
The following elements should be clearly discerned and understood in the practice of Kata.
1. YOI NO KISIN - the spirit of getting ready. The concentration of will and mind against the opponent as a preliminary to the movements of the Kata.
2. INYO - the active and passive. Always keep in mind both attack and defence.
3. CHIKARA NO KYOJAKU - the manner of using strength. The degree of power used for each movement and position in Kata.
4. WAZA NO KANKYU - the speed of movement. The speed used for each movement and position in Kata.
5. TAI NO SHINSUKU - the degree of expansion or contraction. The degree of expansion or contraction of the body in each movement and position in Kata.
6. KOKYU - breathing. Breath control related to the posture and movement in Kata.
7. TYAKUGAN - the aiming points. In Kata you must keep the purpose of the movement in mind.
8. KIAI - shouting. Shouting at set points in Kata to demonstrate the martial spirit.
9. KEITAI NO HOJI - correct positioning. Correct positioning in movement and stance.
10. ZANSHIN - remaining on guard. Remaining on guard at the completion of the Kata. (ie. back to "Yoi") until told to relax.
As outlined by Kancho Hirokazu Kanazawa, 10 Dan - SKIF